May 23, 2017

Memorial Day

Memorial Day, originally called Decoration Day, is a day of remembrance for those who have died in service of the United States of America. Over two dozen cities and towns claim to be the birthplace of Memorial Day. While Waterloo N.Y. was officially declared the birthplace of Memorial Day by President Lyndon Johnson in May 1966, it’s difficult to prove conclusively the origins of the day.

Regardless of the exact date or location of its origins, one thing is clear – Memorial Day was borne out of the Civil War and a desire to honor our dead. It was officially proclaimed on 5 May 1868 by General John Logan, national commander of the Grand Army of the Republic, in his General Order No. 11. “The 30th of May, 1868, is designated for the purpose of strewing with flowers, or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during the late rebellion, and whose bodies now lie in almost every city, village and hamlet churchyard in the land,” he proclaimed. The date of Decoration Day, as he called it, was chosen because it wasn’t the anniversary of any particular battle.

On the first Decoration Day, General James Garfield made a speech at Arlington National Cemetery, and 5,000 participants decorated the graves of the 20,000 Union and Confederate soldiers buried there.

The first state to officially recognize the holiday was New York in 1873. By 1890 it was recognized by all of the northern states. The South refused to acknowledge the day, honoring their dead on separate days until after World War I (when the holiday changed from honoring just those who died fighting in the Civil War to honoring Americans who died fighting in any war).

It is now observed in almost every state on the last Monday in May with Congressional passage of the National Holiday Act of 1971 (P.L. 90 – 363). This helped ensure a three day weekend for Federal holidays, though several southern states have an additional separate day for honoring the Confederate war dead: January 19th in Texas; April 26th in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and Mississippi; May 10th in South Carolina; and June 3rd (Jefferson Davis’ birthday) in Louisiana and Tennessee.

Fleshhart Chapter Meeting-October 17, 2016

Francis Fleshhart Chapter Meeting

 

Fleshhart Chapter Meeting-January 10, 2017

Holy Trinity Episcopal Church

Holy Trinity Episcopal Church

Francis Fleshhart Chapter Meeting

 

Fleshhart Chapter Meeting-May 15, 2017

Holy Trinity Episcopal Church

Holy Trinity Episcopal Church

Francis Fleshhart Chapter Meeting

 

Fleshhart Chapter Meeting-August 21, 2017

Holy Trinity Episcopal Church

Holy Trinity Episcopal Church

Francis Fleshhart Chapter Meeting

 

Bass Chapter Meeting-October 1, 2016

 

Jordan Bass Fall Chapter Meeting

Program:
“British Impressment of United States Sailors
and The Impact on American Families”

Speaker: Dr. Claire Phelan
Associate Professor, History and Political Science Department
University of Mary Hardin-Baylor, Belton, TX

Temple Public Library

Temple Public Library

Bass Chapter Meeting-January 7, 2017

Temple Public Library

Temple Public Library

Jordan Bass Annual Chapter Meeting
Program: “The End”
Speaker: Welba Dorsey

Bass Chapter Meeting-April 1, 2017

 

Jordan Bass Spring Chapter Meeting

Program:
“What Songs Did Our 1812 Ancestors Sing?”

Speaker: Jane Debenport

 

 

Temple Public Library

Temple Public Library

2016 Fall National Board

USD1812 National Headquarters

USD1812 National Headquarters

 

The Fall National Board will be held at National Headquarters on October 9th and 10th. Officers National will meet on the 9th; National Board of Directors will meet on the 10th. OCTOBER TOUR: Tuesday, October 11, there will be a day bus tour to Baltimore. The tour will visit historic sites that tell the story of America’s Second War for Independence.

Independence Day

Independence Day of the United States, also referred to as the Fourth of July or July Fourth in the U.S., is a federal holiday commemorating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, by the Continental Congress declaring that the thirteen American colonies regarded themselves as a new nation, the United States of America, and no longer part of the British Empire.

In 1775, people in New England began fighting the British for their independence. On July 2, 1776, the Congress secretly voted for independence from Great Britain. Two days later, on July 4, 1776, the final wording of the Declaration of Independence was approved, and the document was published. The first public reading of the Declaration of Independence was on July 8, 1776. Delegates began to sign the Declaration of Independence on August 2, 1776. In 1870, Independence Day was made an unpaid holiday for federal employees. In 1941, it became a paid holiday for them.

The first description of how Independence Day would be celebrated was in a letter from John Adams to his wife Abigail on July 3, 1776. He described “pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations” throughout the United States. However, the term “Independence Day” was not used until 1791.